The OP wants to find a "Chiang Mai" in Phuket.
It aint gonna happen! Especially the good thai/farang relationship vibe.
After living in Chiang Mai and Issan I moved to Phuket.
I tried living in an apartment complex behind Big C which ticked most of the boxes, eg no need for private transport, able to walk most places for good food and public transport to the beaches Phuket Town etc
But there was no local thai interaction and no expat community.
Over the next six months, I investigated all suitable areas all over the island including Boat Lagoon, Kamala, Patong, Kata, Kathu and Phuket Town even Cape Panwa and eventually settled for the inevitable.
I rented a house in Rawai and bought a car.