Jump to content
BANGKOK 23 March 2019 11:25
webfact

2019 Thai general election: Know this before voting

Recommended Posts

Know this before voting

By JINTANA PANYAARVUDH 
THE NATION

 

8812cb3c251ff01e2bca0a5bd4eba64c.jpeg

An Election Commission staff member stands by a replica ballot booth at a voter- awareness event in Nonthaburi last year.

 

IN LESS than two months, and for the first time in eight years, voters will be heading to the polling booths to decide the country’s fate.

 

Here are the new rules under the current Constitution that everybody should know about: 

 

f395b76d8587d6edddf5005e58b4e53a.jpeg

 

Mixed-Member Apportionment (MMA) electoral system

 

There are 350 constituency seats and 150 party-list seats up for grabs this election. Voters will cast a single ballot for a constituency candidate that will also count as a vote for that candidate’s party and be tallied in apportioning party-list seats. 

 

The total number of votes a party receives will determine the total number seats it gains in Parliament in a combination of constituency seats and party-list seats. 

 

Same party different number

 

Candidates from the same party will not run under the same number. Since it is a single-ballot electoral system, each candidate will have his or her own number. Voters can memorise the number of their preferred constituency candidate. The poll ballot will show the numbers of each candidate, along with their party names and logos.

 

0591b664cb3d80d95ef07897ea7d2e03.jpeg

 

Prime minister candidate list

 

The next prime minister may not necessarily come from among the elected MPs, but they must be nominated as candidates and be in the PM nomination list from political parties. Each party can submit up to three names to the Election Commission. 

 

Voters cannot directly cast a ballot for their favoured PM candidate, as the premier will only be chosen jointly by the House of Representatives and the Senate.

 

Voting for a PM

 

The 250 senators handpicked by the National Council for Peace and Order will join the 350 members of the House of Representatives to choose the next PM from lists submitted by parties that have won at least 5 per cent of the Lower House. The prospective premier needs at least 376 votes. 

 

91cc2de6c31576b8dc5c9640f617e14b.jpeg

 

Outsider or non-list PM

 

If the joint meeting fails to pick a PM, more than half of the members of both Houses – or 376 – can submit a joint petition to the Parliament’s president requesting that the assembly pass a resolution exempting them from being limited to party lists in choosing a PM. 

 

To pass the exemption, it needs at least two-thirds of the total number of members present in both Houses – or 500 votes.

 

An “outsider”, who is not on a party list, will be eligible to become the next PM if 376 votes can be garnered from both Houses.

 

bcee91ea0e2efa26c4b987ad44cff2cf.jpeg

 

‘Vote No’ 

 

Although the “vote no” option is not new to Thai voters, it will be a meaningful and powerful weapon during this election. 

 

If the “vote no” casts are higher than the number of votes won by the winner in a constituency, a new round of voting is required. All votes in that constituency will be nullified and candidates barred from running again in the new election. 

 

9502ae92ac25e1287b3f03f478f74461.jpeg

 

Poll watch

 

As many as 413 election inspectors in 77 provinces will be in charge of monitoring officers or staff in each polling unit, along with investigating actions deemed to be fraudulent or violating election laws. They will submit their findings to the Election Commission (EC). These inspectors were appointed by the EC to replace the provincial election commissioners. 

 

2107eb0cd552e9ff5796fb542d338cd9.jpeg

 

Ballot casting time 

 

Voters will have more time to cast their ballot, as polling booths will be open from 8am to 5pm, two hours longer than previous elections. 

 

Helping hand

 

The elderly and disabled will be allowed to take their relative, trusted person or an officer to the polling booth to help cast their ballot for them. 

 

493f4a3c1618fcc714ac12b7fdff084b.jpeg

 

Special power

 

The election will be held under a junta government that retained special powers under Article 44 of the post-coup interim charter and is also guaranteed under the current Constitution. Hence, NCPO chief Prime Minister General Prayut Chan-o-cha is eligible to issue any order under this power, including nullifying or cancelling the election in the event of an unexpected incidence. 

 

Source: http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/politics/30364298

 

thenation_logo.jpg

-- © Copyright The Nation 2019-02-18

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Does the winning party get to keep article 44 or can it invent one of its own ? Very useful tool to have in the box.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
3 hours ago, webfact said:

An “outsider”, who is not on a party list, will be eligible to become the next PM if 376 votes can be garnered from both Houses.

Interesting...does this mean that Prayuth, now a party list candidate, can not become PM through the 'outsider PM' route?

  • Like 1

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

There will be "help" at the polls, as per usual. Vote early, vote often.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
29 minutes ago, mfd101 said:

Hard to see the un- and under-educated population of Thailand coping with the complexities of all that when they enter the polling booth. My MIL can't even sign her name (just a thumb print). Most of the rest of the family can barely read 3 words. Will their votes count? or be counted?

 

Looks very like the Australian proportional preferential voting systems, carefully designed to prevent the poorest & least educated 10% of the population from casting a valid vote ...

Would you like to explain how the Australian system is designed to prevent the poorest and least educated from casting a valid vote. Looking forward to your considered response. 

  • Like 2

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Create an account or sign in to comment

You need to be a member in order to leave a comment

Create an account

Sign up for a new account in our community. It's easy!

Register a new account

Sign in

Already have an account? Sign in here.

Sign In Now

  • Recently Browsing   0 members

    No registered users viewing this page.

×
×
  • Create New...